The evolution and development of printing are also the histories of the development of human culture, and it drives the prosperity and prosperity of human culture. Whenever technology is in urgent need of improvement, and people are ready for it, technological changes arise at the historic moment. The development of culture has been ups and downs in the long river of history. Even if people could not find their way at first, they still went through hardships and made countless attempts to make printing a treasure for the people of the world. Even in today’s world, it still has an irreplaceable role.
Printing originated in China, and as the cultural exchanges between China and the West moved to the world, it played an irreplaceable role in the prosperity of world culture. As early as 105 AD, the Chinese people had invented papermaking. The raw materials of these papers were extracted from bark, cloth, and fish nets. In 175 AD, in order to keep the Confucian classics circulated throughout the world, people carved them on stone. About 500 years later, Buddhism began to spread widely in East Asia. In order to further deepen the influence of Buddhism, paper Buddhist scriptures and printed copies were published. With the emergence of a large number of paper books, books have gradually become civilians, so that more people can come into contact with learning cultural knowledge and become useful talents in the country and at home.
Chinese engraving printing:
The “Vajra Prajna Paramita Sutra” published in 868 at the end of the Tang Dynasty is the world’s earliest and well-preserved engraving and printing work. It is a scroll with a length of 496.1 cm and a height of 26.8 cm. It is also the earliest in the world. Printed graphic works, the work represents the unparalleled labor wisdom of the ancient Chinese people, and its exquisite composition and smooth lines are also a major manifestation of the maturity of engraving and printing technology at that time.
Movable type printing:
With the development and progress of society, woodblock printing can no longer meet people’s cultural needs, so movable type printing came out at a historic moment. In 1040 AD, Bi Sheng created movable type printing. At that time, he used clay materials. He also promoted the creation and development of movable types. Movable type printing uses clay, wood, metal, and other materials to make small squares engraved with text. These small squares are arranged in a certain order to print the text. This method is obviously more convenient and convenient than hand copying and engraving and More durable. However, due to the complex strokes of Chinese characters, the typesetting efficiency of movable type printing is still low, and it is not widely used in China. During the Goryeo Dynasty of Korea, after movable type printing spread to North Korea, the Korean people improved and invented metal movable type printing in 1392.